1) Concubine [英]['kɔŋkjubaɪn] [美]['kɑŋkju'baɪn]
Concubines Recorded in the Dunhuang and Turfan Documents;
The research object of this paper is the concubine s civil legal status in the family of Qing Dynasty.
Song Dynasty was an important transition period in history, likewise, the great change took place in the concubines’status and life state of the women of lower floor.
An Analysis on the Social and Family Status of Concubines in Early Qing Dynasty from The Scholars;
The Status of "Concubines" in Late Qing Dynasty and Their Marital Condition——With the typical cases of "concubines" from 1899 to 1909 from Shenbao as centre of attention;
Concubines resulted from the marriage system of monogamy with several concubines,and the system of concubines developed to the top in the Qing Dynasty.
3) concubine and prostitute
4) concubinage [英][kɔn'kju:binidʒ] [美][kɑn'kjubənɪdʒ]
The article confutes the misreading of "melancholy" in Li Qingzhao s Ci - poetry, whose connotations were considered as her repugnance for supposed her husband Zhao Mingcheng s concubinage in the studies on Li Qingzhao in the recent years.
This paper aims to find out the social roots of concubinage, a long-standing custom in ancient China, and analyzes the laws and features of the phenomenon.
6) The died concubine
1.古称年轻女奴。 2.古代妇人谦称自己。 3.旧时谦称己妾。 4.指妾。以与妻相对为小﹐故称。